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Joey’s Room-Mate Search

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Képtalálat a következőre: „Joey's room-mate search”

This is a video-based lesson connected to the topic of ‘Home’. The level is B1+ but it can be adapted to lower levels as well.

Before wathcing

The students are in pairs and discuss the characteristics of a perfect room-mate. After a couple of minutes of discussion adjectives can be gathered (written on the board) in a plenary.

Following the above discussion the students agree on the “perfect ad” for a room-mate. They can even write the advertisement in pairs, so that the ads can be compared and the best one voted for.

The students are told that we are going to watch a segment from the series ‘Friends’, and discuss the situation why Joey is looking for a new room-mate. (Chandler is about to move out as he and Monica have decided to live together. Monica’s room-mate, Rachel is also looking for a new place to rent.

While watching

The students watch the segment and answer the following questions:

  • What 3 things does Joey offer to Rachel?
  • What does Chandler find strange in Joey’s ad?
  • Why is he advertising like that?
  • What is the misunderstanding between Joey and the girl in blue T-shirt?
  • Why did Joey take the shower curtain down? Is his explanation true?
  • Why doesn’t Rachel accept Joey’s offer for the second time, either?
  • What test does Joey give to the girl? Why?

After watching:

The students are in pairs again and write questions that they find appropriate when looking for a room-mate.

They act out an “interview” situation.

A Most Ambitious Experiment

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A Most Ambitious Experiment is the title of a science-fiction short story. The link is Unit 10C in Solutions Upper-Intermediate, but I think the lesson can be done with any B2 or B2+ group learning about books or short stories, different genres, especially science fiction.

Eastoftheweb.com is an excellent site for teachers or learners of English when they are looking for authentic texts to read. You can browse the site for short stories according to genres, subgenres, the length of the story, or specify if you are looking for something contemporary or a classic story, and many more aspects.

So, this is what I did with my students:

1.Pre-reading activity:

I put the students into mini-groups with the help of slips randomly taken with the names of some genres. They worked in those groups for the rest of the lesson. First they had to guess the genres of some short stories on the basis of the titles. After group discussion we compared the ideas in plenary.

Next, I revealed that we were going to read the last item on their lists: A Most Ambitious Experience by Mike Krath.

2. Reading

I chose to make my students read the short story in parts and discuss it bit by bit as it gets a bit complicated and I also found it a good source of conversation as the short story lends itself tos peculation, guessing and discussion.

So we started with reading just two extracts and discussing the main points of the story, e.g. why Robert wanted to travel to the future. Any comprehension question is appropriate here, the main aim is to make students understand what they are going to read about. The first extract was the following:

“Now,” Robert told his wife, “I am going on a long trip. You won’t see me for years, but I will come back and see you.”
“Where are you going?”
“I am going into the future. I am sure you will be angry when you see me, but it won’t be for long, because once I have seen you, I will then vanish again and you will see me standing in this very spot exactly five minutes from now.”

and having discussed it the second extract followed:

Robert’s wife was puzzled.
“I am curious what our 401k will do if I invest in certain options and leave them,” he said. “I’ve decided to go twenty years into the future and see the outcome.”
“What if you can’t come back?”
A slight pause – then, “I hope I made the right choice.”
“What do you want for dinner?”
“I wouldn’t make anything for me now, but, five minutes later, I will tell you what I want.”

Having understood and discussed everything students read the first part:

Robert left for the basement. His wife, still confused, but knowing that Robert was a puzzling man, went to the kitchen to make dinner, with or without her husband’s request. She was quite unsure what to make of all of it, but, after a few minutes, she quickly forgot the conversation.
Later in the afternoon, Robert’s wife walked over to the basement door and knocked. She waited. She knocked again, and, again, nothing. Finally, she opened the door and walked down to the laboratory. Robert was nowhere to be seen. She hadn’t heard him come up. Where had he gone?
When supper was ready, and the light outside turned a dim color, Robert’s wife called out his name, but no one answered. The house was quite still.
“I don’t like this,” she thought. “He’s never been late for dinner before.”
Robert’s dinner grew cold, and his wife placed it in the oven to keep warm hoping he would notice it when he came back. In the morning, Robert’s plate was still warm in the oven. He had never touched it. His wife looked for him once again and called out his name, but it was to no avail – he wasn’t in the house.

At this point the groups discussed some questions:

  1. Why wasn’t he back in five minutes?
  2. How long did he leave for?

The next, a bit longer part followed:

     After several days, Robert’s wife contacted the authorities and told them what had happened. They searched the house for clues, but all they could find was a slightly discolored spot on the basement floor.

     “Did he say anything before he left?” they asked.

     “I’ll be back in five minutes,” she said.

     After the authorities had left, and after several more days, weeks and months, the case was officially closed. Robert was missing, but since no foul play could be determined, it was decided that he had just deserted his wife. Robert’s wife was not pleased.

     Years passed, and Robert’s wife was able to secure a job that kept her living slightly above poverty level. Day after day, while working, she cursed her husband for leaving her. She would never forgive him. Never! Her face became more wrinkled and the pretty smile she once wore turned into a permanent scowl.

     Finally, twenty years to the day her husband had left, Robert’s wife was sitting at the kitchen table when she heard a noise coming from the basement. She immediately got up in fright. Who was down there? She heard footsteps slowly walking up the stairs and – finally – the door flew open and there, before her eyes, was none other than Robert. He didn’t look any different than when he had left.

     “You!” she managed to say.

     “Okay, what’s the value of our 401K?” Robert asked.

     “Where have you been?”

     “That doesn’t matter. What matters is the value of our 401K. I need to know if I invested wisely or not.”

     “You left me twenty years ago with nothing to live in and expect to find anything left of the 401k?”

     “You spent it all?” Robert asked. “Oh great – that’s just great. I’ll be right back.”

     Robert turned and went down into the basement.

     “Robert? Robert, where are you?” Robert’s wife said but suddenly saw a brilliant blue flash of light and then nothing. Robert had vanished once again.

     Robert’s wife went back to the dining table. She sat down and tried to think of what had happened. Her mind was muddled. She couldn’t think.

Questions for group discussion:

  1. When did they meet again?
  2. Why did Robert ask the questions?
  3. Why did he leave again?

The next part was shorter:

The 401k had been – had been – she thought – left untouched when Robert had first left, but now – she was beginning to remember different things. The 401k had been placed in a trust. A trust where she couldn’t touch the money for twenty years. Then, she remembered that when the authorities had informed her that Robert had deserted her and was never located, that she had him declared legally dead so the trust would be legally hers without waiting for twenty years.
Another flash of light in the basement, more footsteps, and Robert walked into the kitchen.
“The value?”
“I told you I spent it.”
“I put it in a trust.”
“I had you declared legally dead.” Robert’s wife said.
“Oh bother,” Robert said. “I’ll be back again.”

Questions for group discussion here:

  1. What happened to the money?
  2. Why did Robert leave now?

The next part of the short story:

A flash of light and Robert’s wife was again confused.
“Did I say spent it? Spent what?” she thought. She had tried to obtain some money after Robert had left her. When she had gone to inquire how much was in their 401k, she had found out that Robert had withdrawn the money and had hidden it somewhere – but where?
Another light and Robert was there in the kitchen again.
“Do you know how much you put me through? You left me nothing to live on.”
“This will all be a bad dream,” Robert said.
“If it wasn’t for some gold coins that I found buried in the backyard, I would never have survived.”
“You found the gold coins?”
“So that’s where you hid the money!” Robert’s wife said. “Good. I’m glad I found it and spent it all!”

The same questions can be discussed in the groups as the ones after the previous part.

After the following paragraph, the students had to predict what was going to happen. They managed to come up with the most imaginative ideas – this was my favourite part of the lesson! So, the paragraph:

Robert went back into the basement and disappeared. His wife sat still for awhile expecting him to appear, but he never did. She got up and went to cook. She thought of her husband and tried to remain bitter against him. She suddenly couldn’t think of what would make her bitter. Deserted her? He had never deserted. What an imagination she must have. As she opened a cupboard, Robert walked into the kitchen.

After the prediction activity I let them read the end of the story:

“Have you decided what you want for dinner?” she asked. “I haven’t started making anything yet.”
“Leave me alone, I’m not hungry,” Robert said and sat down at the kitchen table.
“What’s wrong?”
“Can’t you keep your grubby hands off our money for twenty years?”
“What?”
“You can’t let me leave you for a measly twenty years without spending everything we have, can you?”
“What are you talking about, honey? You haven’t been gone for five minutes and already something is troubling you.”
Robert looked at the wife of his youth.
What if he killed her? He could strangle her now, go into the future, see what the 401k did, come back a few minutes before, and live happily ever after.
“May I see that dish towel for a sec?”
Robert’s wife handed it to him, and, much to her desperate surprise, he tied it around her neck and choked her, all the while telling her, “Don’t worry, this is just an experiment.”
Robert went back down into the basement, and twenty years later reappeared in a flash of light.
“Who’s down there?” a man asked walking down the basement stairs.
Robert hadn’t thought of this. He looked for somewhere to hide, but it was too late. The new owner of the house had a rifle.
“Say your prayers.”
“Wait! I can explain!”, but it was too late. Robert was immediately shot and fell backwards quite dead – a most miserable end to a most ambitious experiment.

The End.

3. Post reading activity:

The students discussed in groups why Robert killed his wife and what his mistake was. After each group discussion plenary followed, very often the students themselves asked other groups about their opinions, and a very lively conversation followed. The last point would have been to present a group opinion about the whole of the story , but I didn’t have to ask them for their opinions as it was a natural outcome of the surprising ending.

It was a really enjoyable lesson about A Most Ambitious Experiment!

Jimmy Wales on English

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Képtalálat a következőre: „Jimmy Wales”

It is beneficial to remind our students from time to time why they are learning English. I found this video the other day as a supplementary material to a unit in Solutions Upper-Intermediate. The unit focuses on writing biographies – I found it a bit dry so here is a short video to make it more alive and discuss the importance of language learning.

First we read the short biography of Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia. Then we worked on the vocab, put events in order, found paragraph titles, so usual stuff… Then came the video:

  1. Students watch the video and answer the following questions:
  • What is the connection between Wikipedia and the English language?
  • What opportunities are there for translation in Wikipedia?
  • Why is English the most popular language in Wikipedia?
  • Where does Jimmy Wales have problems understanding English and why?
  • Why do non-native speakers tend to speak more slowly when they speak in English?
  • Why does Jimmy Wales consider learning languages important?

2. Following a discussion of the answers students were given the possibility to discuss their own views of language learning with the questions below:

a) If you use Wikipedia, what language do you read it and why?
b) Why do you think English has become so important world-wide?
c) What „kind of English” do you find the most difficult to understand and why? What’s the easiest?
d) Are you afraid to speak in English with foreigners? Why/why not?
e) Why are you learning English?
f) List at least 3 reasons why you think it is beneficial to learn languages!

The above activity was done in small groups and a spokespersonn from each group summarised the discussions so we could wrap it up in a plenary.

Newspapers – how to teach about them?

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This is a collection of activities that I did in class to teach about newspapers for upper-intermediate students.

1. Headlines into sentences

We looked at headlines, and discussed their peculiar grammar (no articles, infinitives referring to future, abbreviations, etc) and some of the special vocabulary that you can find in them. This is closely connected to unit 5A in Solutions Upper-Intermediate.

Then we had loads of practice of headlines transformed into “normal” English sentences keeping in mind all the grammar rules.

2. Guess the article

We worked on headlines quite a lot. In another activity the students were given real headlines. They had to guess what the headlines might be about and write a short article on the basis of what they thought.

3. Articles into headlines

In this activity I handed out articles (from websites of different newspapers) and the students had to create the headlines. They did it in small groups – it was really great fun to compare the different headlines of the same article!

4. Compare the newspapers

We also looked at the different types of newspapers (broadsheets, tabloids, freesheets), I showed them this chart and we analyed it a bit. Then the students were put into small groups and the groups had different tasks. They had to open the websites of the newspapers, and compare them according to the articles they found there, the topics, the proportion of home news and international news, the types of news, the depth of analysis in an article, pictures, etc.

– one group compared broadsheets of different political orientations

– one group compared broadsheets and tabloids

– one group compared tabloids of different political orientations

– one group compared freesheets and tabloids

– one group compared freesheets of different political orientations

The result of hte comparison was then presented to the class and was the basis of a nice discussion.

5. Present a newspaper

This was done partly as homework on a voluntary basis. One student looked at a broadsheet and presented the news of the front page. The point was mainly what topics he could find, and the main idea of the articles were given, too. The same task was given to another student but with tabloids. They presented their findings to the rest of the class.

This task can be elaborated more, e.g. if studentss teach new words to each other or if they guess the type of paper or the political bias of the paper, or if the students presenting the papers don’t say the headlines, the rest of the group can give titles to the individual articles, thus creating the front page of a paper, etc.

Past Simple vs Past Continuous – two simple activities

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1. The first activity is good for the beginning of a lesson to warm students up a bit.

Put you students in pairs. Tell them that they are going to talk about their last weekend. They are going to take a paper (from a bag, a basket, or a hat), When they look at the paper they have to keep it secret! You can set up the whole activity in a way that students get excited about what they are going to find if they unfold the piece of paper. Tell them that if there is a letter “T”, they have to tell the truth, but if they see a blank paper they have to lie about their last weekend. Warn them that if they find a blank paper, they shouldn’t tell each other something that is obviously not true. They should invent a story that could be true. The other student can ask questions to find out any sign of an untrue story.

Of course the two past tenses (simple and continous) should be used.

After a couple of minutes stop them and ask who thinks their partner’s story was fake. You can do it with a show of hands. Then you can reveal the secret: All the papers were blank!

My students always find it very funny and they happily invent stories and in the end they are happy to find out that all the stories have been invented.

2. The second activity is a more direct practice of the difference between the two past tenses.

Put the students in pairs. Each pair is given a card with a simple situation on it. Give them a minute or two to discuss how they are going to act out the situation. Words cannot be used: only miming is allowed.

The pairs act out their situation and the rest of the class tries to guess by answering the question: “What didi they do and what were they doing?”

By clicking here you can see the cards with the situations that I used.

Food Waste Scandal – a lesson on a TED Talk

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I find this TED Talk really inspiring and my students who are preparing for their final exam found it useful, too.

1. Some preparation on the topic is necessary but following some vocabulary work and general speaking activities, I planned a complete lesson based on the first 4 minutes of the following TED Talk by Tristram Stuart and it worked perfectly well. This is Tristram Stuart as he is delivering his speech:

2. Students looked at the title of the talk and predicted the content. Then I put them in pairs and they wrote down a list of about 10 words that they thought they would hear in the talk.

3. As they were listening to the talk, they had to pay attention to the vocabulary and tick the words that they had predicted well and had in fact been uttered. We also discussed some new vocabulary that the students had heard or had read. With TED talk you can decide if you want to watch it without or perhaps with subtitles and if you decide to use the subtitles, you can choose the language. With this particular group of students for the first listening it was good to have it subtitled in Englsih.

4. Another advantage of TED Talks is that you can use the transcripts. So I produced a gap fill task with the help of the transcript but this time only the beginning of the talk, Of course the subtitles were gone this time!

5. After the gap fill task, the students had to explain the meaning of the underlined words and expressions.

6. Finally they discussed what they find surprising in the talk and what could be done to stop the bad tendencies regarding food waste.

Presenting Vocabulary: Travelling and Tourism

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Each lesson in Longman’s Exam Accelarator starts with a lengthy vocabulary input. It is very useful but to make it interesting at the same time you need some creativity. This is what I have done to present vocabulary for Unit 7: ‘Travelling and Tourism”.

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At the beginning of the lesson I put the students into the following four groups (according to what was written on the slips they had chosen): sea travel, air travel, road travel and rail travel. Each group was responsible for their own means of transportation.

 

The target vocabulary was put on cards spread on one of the desk. The students all went to the desk and took the words that they thought referred to their group. When they sat down they had to explain to the rest of the class what they had chosen and why. In fact they had to justify their choice explaining why a certain word or expression belonged to rail travel or air travel, etc. A little discussion began and even trading with words when groups realised the problem with their choice.

 

When every group had the right words the students stood up again and this time they had to select some gapped sentences on slips that had been blu-tacked on the classroom wall. They had to decide if the sentences on the slips are related to their means of transportation. Again there was some discussion and “trading” of sentences – especially when I made it clear that each group should have 3 slips with sentences on them.

 

Finally the groups had to fill in the gaps with the words on the cards they had previously taken to their desks. When that was done, they put the sentences into the correct order so that the little stories make sense. They read out the stories and the other groups decided if they were in the correct order or not.

 

Follow up: As a follow up activity on the next lesson the groups had to list all the advantages of travelling by air, sea, car, train respectively. After regrouping a discussion followed when they had to compare ideas about the best way of travelling.

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